This is part of a series of essays about the First World War casualties commemorated by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission in Pennsylvania.
Stanley Robinson was born in Ingersoll, Oxford County, Ontario on 22 July 1898, the sixth of the nine children, and third son, of Daniel and Annie Robinson. The family was mostly born in Canada but Robinson parents and the younger members of the family came to the United States sometime after 1911; their movements over this period are difficult to trace but by 1916 his parents were living in Lowellville, Ohio.
Robinson, who was a spinner in a mill, enlisted in Woodstock, Ontario on 8 January 1916, aged 17—he gave his date of birth as 22 February 1897. He joined the newly-raised 168th Battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force and was allocated the number 675092. On 5 May he transferred to 4th Canadian Pioneer Battalion on its formation at St. Andrews, New Brunswick.
Private Robinson was admitted to the Military Hospital on Cogswell Street, Halifax on 11 September 1916 suffering from an ununited fracture of the head of his right femur. He had broken his leg in an accident while training at St. Andrews the previous July and the injury had healed badly. On 21 September he underwent an operation to correct the damage during which the greater trochanter was ‘nailed to the neck of femur with two nails’. The operation was successful and, on 23 November, Robinson went into surgery again to have the nails removed. This operation was less successful and an abscess formed in the wound. Unfortunately, Robinson developed septicaemia and died at 3.10 am on 8 December, aged 18. His body was sent to his family in the United States and he was buried in Evergreen Cemetery, New Bedford; his grave, in Plot A, Row 1, Grave 37, lies near those of his parents and two of his sisters. Somewhat unusually, his gravestone shows his year of birth.
Private Stanley Daniel Robinson is commemorated on page 155 of the Canadian First World War Book of Remembrance; that page is displayed on 9 April. He was not eligible for any campaign or service medals and his memorial plaque and scroll were sent to his father; the Memorial Cross was sent to his mother.
Chris Dubbs, Patricia Dubbs, Pamelia Williams, and Frank Holowach.
1. (Back) Daniel D Robinson (20 December 1858-1935) married Annie Wadie (3 August 1863-5 September 1939) on 10 March 1884: Morley Chester (20 November 1885-NK); William (20 April 1888-NK); Francis B. (2 August 1890-1917); Alice Mary (later Tabor) (2 August 1892-11 June 1956); Edith Mildred (later Sutherland) (20 October 1895-NK); Grace E. (later Keller) (1901-15 March 1961); Belva M. (1907-4 February 1921), and Marina (1914-NK).
2. (Back) The Battalion sailed for England on 13 September; it was later renumbered as the 5th Canadian Pioneer Battalion.